The world’s forests are effectively the earth’s lungs.

They absorb huge amounts of carbon dioxide that circulates and purifies the atmosphere. Protecting those lungs is crucial if we are to defend the planet and fight global warming.

In 2005, Nigeria had the highest rate of deforestation in the world according to the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations.

As at 2016, we lose about 350,000 to 400,000 hectares of land per year to deforestation. About 10 hectares of forest which are the equivalent of 14 football fields disappear every minute!

Logs of wood. Credit: Carbon Brief

 

 

Do you know about the Sustainable development goals? Goal number 15 to be specific.

 Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss

 As humans, it is important we note that our life depends on earth for sustenance.!

Plants are responsible for 80% of the human diet. And the forests? They account for 30% of the Earth’s surface.

But today? Drought and desertification are on the rise every year which has amounted to the loss of 12 million hectares of forest.

The poor communities, globally are directly affected by this harm on the ecosystem.

Halting deforestation is key in mitigating the impact of climate change. Not convinced?

 What exactly is the Effect of deforestation

Deforestation is simply the permanent destruction of forests to make land available for other uses.

The effects?

When trees die, they release the stored up carbon. According to the 2010 Global Forest Resources Assessment, when deforestation happens, nearly a billion tons of carbon are released into the atmosphere. That is not at healthy for us!

We lose important species. Seventy percent of all plants and animals in the world live in forests. But they are losing their homes to deforestation. This is largely responsible for the increased risk of extinction.

There’s the risk of soil erosion. When we have trees, we have roots and roots anchor the soil. No roots mean the soil is free to wash or blow away.
Reduced life quality. This can happen in a number of ways but one of the most common is impure water sources. When soil erosion happens, it can lead to dangerous materials entering lakes, streams and other water sources. The result? There is a decrease in local water quality which contributes to poor health.

 Here’s exactly how trees and forests can help

Greenhouse gases are largely responsible for global warming.

But.

Trees absorb these gases keeping the air healthy for us.

Fewer forests mean fewer trees. Fewer trees mean larger amounts of harmful gases entering the atmosphere.

When we plant new trees, we are fighting against climate change by removing CO2 from the atmosphere!

Every single animal life on earth needs oxygen to breathe. We would be in real trouble without our forests.

Did you know? 75% of the world’s water comes from forests? They humidify the air through a process known as evapotranspiration.

Without this process, large areas including cities and farmland would be much drier.

What you can do to protect the earth

Enough about what the trees do for us. It’s now time to look at what we can do to protect the earth.

The first thing to do is to plant a tree! Need help with that? We can help you, talk to us.

You should also look at going paperless. The less paper you use, hopefully, the fewer trees are cut down.

If you can afford to, recycle the products you use and buy recycled products as well.

And finally, don’t forget to take a lungful of air each time you pass by a tree. With a smile on your face of course!